The Structure of Concern Project compares many theoretical models from many disciplines to the Adizes PAEI model, arguing that they must all be reflecting the same underlying phenomenon. One concern structure model is described below.
Nikos Mourkogiannis (2005; 2006; Daft, 2008) has outlined four ways that organizational leaders can frame overall organizational purposes to help people feel that their work is worthwhile. In PAEI order, these are:
P – Heroism (Being Effective, Achievement)
A – Excellence (Being the Best, Fulfillment)
E – Discovery (Finding the New, Entrepreneuring)
I – Altruism (Providing Service, Happiness)