Honey & Mumford - Learning Styles

The Structure of Concern Project compares many theoretical models from many disciplines to the Adizes PAEI model, arguing that they must all be reflecting the same underlying phenomenon. One concern structure model is described below.

Building on the work of Kolb, Honey and Mumford define four learning styles. The model is quite similar to Kolb’s, and it has enjoyed considerable uptake in educational circles (Honey & Mumford, 1982).

P – Pragmatists: These individuals are keen to try out ideas, theories and techniques to see if they work in practice. They are pragmatic and grow bored with long discussions. They seek out solutions with determination, and value new ideas if they have practical applications. They prefer to reach decisions and implement actions quickly.

A – Theorists: Theorists enjoy collecting and integrating data to form complex but logically sound solutions. They like to analyze, synthesize and think things through. They can be impersonal, detached people dedicated to rational objectivity.

E – Reflectors: These people like to stand back and ponder experiences, postponing conclusions and ruminating over possibilities. They gather information and think through the experiences thoroughly. They are thoughtful, and they often have a slightly distant, tolerant air towards others.

I – Activists: These people enjoy new experiences. They are gregarious, open-minded and enthusiastic. They thrive on challenge and new experiences, and strongly prefer immediacy and spontaneity to planning or regimentation.

1. Honey, P., & Mumford, A. (1982). Manual of Learning Styles. London: P. Honey.
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