The Structure of Concern Project compares many theoretical models from many disciplines to the Adizes PAEI model, arguing that they must all be reflecting the same underlying phenomenon. One concern structure model is described below.
Albert Bandura (2000; 2001) is perhaps the best known analyst of what might be called one’s sense of competency, capability or self-efficacy. His definition of human agency itself is characterized by four core features which form a concern structure pattern:
P – Intentionality: A proactive commitment to bring about a represented future state of events via specific familiar actions (with some improvisation as needed).
A – Forethought: Outcome expectations based on observed conditional relationships that help one set long term goals and anticipate problems, rewards and punishment/costs.
E – Self-Reflectiveness: Metacognitive processing of one’s own thoughts, feelings, actions and motivations, underlying the capacity to change one’s agentive stance.
I – Self-Reactiveness: Self-regulation of motivation, affect and action, guiding performance by personal standards and taking self-directed corrective action. Self-regulatory processes that integrate thought and action.